Water is important for every living creature, including human. Besides for daily uses like bathing, washing, and others, people need water to keep their fluid need in their body balanced. Therefore, people must drink plenty water to keep hydrated. However, not all water available is drinkable. Some kind of water contains bacteria, viruses, or not hygienic. If water you drink does not accomplish those aspects, you can get the risks of health problem such as diarrhea, typhoid, or cholera. You must make sure that water you will drink is clean, safe, pure, and drinkable. Thus, you must understand what is potable water.
Potable water is also known as improved drinking water or drinking water. This water is drinkable and safe for food preparation as it doesn’t contain any risk of health problem. 91% of people around the world have the access to this water in 2015. The other 4.2 billion often consume tap water while 2.4 billion have access to public taps or wells. Unfortunately, there are 1.8 people that still consume unsafe water source. It is dangerous for their health as feces may contaminate the water that results diarrhea, typhoid, and cholera.
Potable water has been processed so you can feel safe and free to drink it. It has been cleaned, filtered, or treated. Therefore, the drinking water standards are all accomplished and all harmful bacteria and contaminants are killed. Later, this kind of water can be used safely for cooking or drinking. The process, furthermore, includes purifying the water. In this process, the water is purified via UV filtered, distilled, or reverse osmosis. Municipal water systems are also applied, so this water can be labeled as improved drinking water.
Potable Water Process #1: Boiling
What is potable water? How is it processed? Is it complicated? The process seems confusing, doesn’t it? It requires a special machine and of course the price is high. However, there are some simple processes of potable water that you can try when you need water in the wild. First is boiling. It may become the simplest way to purify the water. It neutralizes the majority of bacteria and viruses. Even though all heavy contaminants are not fully removed, boiled water is rather safe to consume than pure water. Water can also be purified by adding bleach or other chemical that you can find in camping tablets.
Potable Water Process #2: Filtering
The next potable water process is filtering. It has two different types of filters that you can buy on the market: carbon and ceramic filters, or chemical filters that use iodine. It can be heavy, complicated, and expensive as this process need frequent replacement. The water should be filtered or used chemical to make it pure before you boil it. You can use a paper coffee filter, T-shirt or shock to filter the water you will boil. Then, you can ensure that the water is safe to consume.
Potable Water Process #3: Distilling
Distilling is the next process of potable water that you can choose. People prefer this way as the result is the safest one. This process includes boiling the water so the vapor can be collected while contaminants and bacteria are left behind. Unfortunately, the pesticide, chlorine, and other gases may be available in the water. Nevertheless, distillation results the purest water you can afford. 98% contaminants are removed from the water.
Potable Water Vs. Contaminated Water
What is potable water? Is it safe for our health? As it has been mentioned previously, contaminated water can lead to risks of health problems, such as diarrhea, typhoid, cholera, or further risks like reproductive problems or neurological disorders. Contaminated water may also damage our health, especially for elderly, pregnant women, infants, children, or those who are immune-compromised. The risks may be complicated and deadly. Therefore, Federal laws arrange a special system to decrease the specific contaminants so people’s health can be protected. Later, by consuming potable water, those risks can be prevented.
Tap water Vs. Bottled Water: which one is safer?
At this point, you have learnt more about water. It is important to make sure that the water you consume daily is safe. Now, you may face two different kind of improved drinking water: Tap water and Bottled water. You may worry to consume tap water for the health risks that may follow. However, installing a water purification system or consuming bottled water for daily life is expensive. Besides, bottled water may be dirtier than tap water you usually drink. However, you can ensure that the water you buy and consume is a part of the International Bottled Water Association (IBWA). This association will give you a guarantee that your bottled water is safe as IBWA inspectors will visit the companies annually. The inspectors will make sure that the water is safe.
Contaminated Potable Water: How to Recognize
What is potable water? How is the process? You have learnt previously. However, this water can be contaminated for some cases like: malfunction in the systems of wastewater treatment, manufacturing processes, sewer overflows, minerals and chemicals like radon, arsenic, and uranium that occur naturally and use practices on local land. So, be careful in using this water.